Stocks are shares of ownership in a company. When you buy stocks of a publicly listed company, you become part owner of that company. Conversely, you may also lose if the company suffers a loss or performs below market expectations. What is a stock market? The stock market is a place where stocks are bought and sold or a place where people can invest in publicly listed companies through the Philippine Stock Exchange, Inc. Why invest in stocks?
How do I make my money grow in the stock market? Historical data has shown that investing in stocks over the long-term provides superior returns. Stocks offer potentially higher yields compared with fixed income instruments such as time deposits, government securities and bonds. There are three 3 rationales for stock investing: Ownership in a company. When an individual invests in the stock market, he automatically becomes a stockholder of a particular listed company.
As a stockholder, he is entitled to the following benefits: Compared with banks which require high minimum conditions for deposits and credit, an individual can start an investment for as low as Php 5, He can cash in or out his funds during trading hours, through his broker. Investors in the stock market make money through dividends and capital appreciation. When a listed company declares dividends, its shareholders increase their investing power.
An investor who buys into the company at a low market price and sells it at a higher price will gain capital appreciation. What are the different dividends given by publicly listed companies? There are two types of dividends that can be given by companies: Cash dividends - these are earnings for every share of stock declared by the company.
Stock dividends - these are additional shares given to shareholders at no cost which can be sold anytime. Is there any risk involved in investing? While it is true that a stock investment is the most volatile of all securities, investors might well remember that uncertainty is a permanent feature of the investing perspective.
This means that risk is always a part of any investment. A better attitude would be to limit and manage your risk. A maximum level of gain or loss should be set, and calculated decisions should be made when this level is reached. How do I start investing in stocks? How much of my savings can be invested in stocks? Just like an ordinary savings account, an investor has to open an account and present valid identification with a broker before he can actively trade stocks on the Exchange.
Investing in Philippines
An investor would need at least the minimum amount of investment to open a trading account which is Php5, Getting started in the stock market is a simple process. Open a trading account with your stockbroker of choice. Place your buy or sell order either online or through a phone call to your stockbroker.
Stock Market Tutorials Philippines – Complete Guide
Monitor and keep track of your investments. What is the minimum amount of initial investment? The minimum amount of money needed to invest in the stock market depends on the minimum number of shares to be traded for the stock and the minimum amount required to open a trading account. The minimum number of shares that can be traded will be determined by the prevailing market price of a particular stock.
The PSE has a Board Lot table which shows the minimum number of shares that can be bought or sold given a certain price range. How do I choose a stockbroker? There are over licensed stockbrokers accredited by the PSE. Your choice of stockbroker should depend on the type of service you will require and who will best suit your needs. The types of stockbrokers can be classified into: Traditional — those who assign a licensed salesman that take orders through written instructions or phone calls b.
Online — those whose main interface with the customer is via the Internet You can get a complete list of accredited stockbrokers by visiting the PSE website, www. How do I open an account? Similar to the process in opening a bank account, you will be required to fill out a form called Customer Account Information Form CAIF , and submit the following documents, namely: Two 2 valid IDs; b.
Specimen signature cards; and c. Proof of billing although some brokers do not require this. Depending on your stockbroker, you may be also asked to provide additional pertinent documents and an initial cash deposit in order to begin investing in stocks.
How can an overseas Filipino open a trading account? For overseas Filipinos, the simplest and more convenient way of investing directly in the local equities is to open a trading account with an online stockbroker or apply directly with any overseas branch of Philippine banks that are affiliated with any of the active stockbrokerage houses in the PSE. Through the internet, overseas investors will be able to access the Philippine stock market and trade stocks real-time.
Overseas investors can also participate in the Philippine stock market through mutual funds, and index and variable-linked funds offered by various financial institutions such as banks, mutual fund management companies and insurance firms in the Philippines. How do I place an order? The conventional way of placing an order to buy or sell is through a phone call to your stockbroker. However, online trading is now being practiced so investors can place orders directly via the Internet.
How are settlement and clearing done?
How long is the settlement period? Settlements of accounts are done through the clearing house of the Exchange, the Securities Clearing Corporation of the Philippines SCCP.
Transfers are based on trades done at PSE. Shares are transferred on settlement date to the buyer, and the buyer pays the seller through the clearing banks within the same settlement period.
This means that transactions done on Monday must be settled by Thursday. The PSE through its central depository, the Philippine Depository Trust Corp.
PDTC uses the computerized book-entry system BES to transfer ownership of securities from one account to another, thus eliminating the need for physical exchange of scrip between buyer and seller.
This system is called scripless trading. However, you may still request for an upliftment of your shareholdings to get a physical certificate. What are my obligations to my broker? Always update personal information provided to your broker, particularly: Your agent must confirm your securities transaction after trading hours.
Your stockbroker must send you information and correspondences relevant to your investment. The material presented on this Website is for educational and information purposes only, and should NOT be construed as an offer or solicitation of an offer to buy or sell, or hold any securities.
All About Investment in the Philippines
You shall be fully responsible for any investment decisions you make. Such decisions will be based solely on your evaluation of your financial circumstances, investment objectives, risk tolerance, and liquidity needs.
Sign In l Register Forgot Password. PSE Academy PSE Foundation, Inc. PSE Market Education For Investors Reading Materials For Market Practitioners Exams Courses and Trainings Investment Calculators FAQs Glossary. Ownership in a company When an individual invests in the stock market, he automatically becomes a stockholder of a particular listed company. Make money Investors in the stock market make money through dividends and capital appreciation.